|Vocab Builder||Numbers in Use (1) – Dates|
DAY OF WEEK
|What day is it today? (today/what day)
Jin1tian1 xing1 qi1 ji3?
|Today is Monday. (today/Monday)
Jin1tian1 xing1 qi1 yi1.
|Monday||Xing1 qi1 yi1||星期一|
|Tuesday||Xing1 qi1 er4||星期二|
|Wednesday||Xing1 qi1 san1||星期三|
|Thursday||Xing1 qi1 si4||星期四|
|Friday||Xing1 qi1 wu3||星期五|
|Saturday||Xing1 qi1 liu4||星期六|
|Sunday||Xing1 qi1 ri4 / tian1||星期日/天|
|What date is it today? (today/what date)
Jin1tian1 ji3 hao4?
|Today is Nov 15 th , 2017 (today/is/2016 year/Nov/15 th)
Jin1 tian1 shi4 2017 nian2, 11 yue4, 15 hao4.
|Feb (to Dec)||Er4 yue4||二月|
|Year 2017||Er4 ling2 yi1 qi1 nian2||2017 年|
|Vocab Builder||Numbers in Use (2)– Time|
|What time is it now? (now/what/time)
Xian4 zai4 ji2 dian3 le?It’s 3 pm now. (now/3 o’clock)
Xian4 zai4 xia4 wu3 san1 dian3 le.
|Half (30 mins) past||Ban4||半|
|A quarter||Yi1 ke4||一刻|
|10 o’clock||Shi2 dian3||十点|
|10:05||Shi2 dian3 ling2 wu3 fen1||十点零五分|
|Quarter past 10||Shi2 dian3 yi1 ke4||十点一刻|
|7:50||Cha4 shi2 fen1 ba1 dian3
(lack 10 minutes to 8)
|TIME OF DAY||Morning||zao3 shang4||早上|
|Numbers in Use (3) – Making Plans|
|What time do you go to work? (you/what time/go to work)
Ni3 ji2 dian3 shang4ban1?
|I go to work at 9.00. (I/9.00 o’clock/meeting)
Wo3 jiu3 dian3 shang4ban1
|Are you free tomorrow at 2? (you/tomorrow/2 o’clock/free?)
Ni3 ming2 tian1 liang2 dian3 you3 kong4 ma?
|Let’s go have coffee tomorrow. (we/together/drink coffee/suggestion)
Wo3 men2 yi1qi3 he1 ka1fei1 ba.
|ACTIVITIES||Go to work||Shang4 ban1||上班|
|Finish work||Xia4 ban1||下班|
|Get up||Qi3 chuang2||起床|
|Have Chinese lessons||Shang4 zhong1 wen2 ke4||上中文课|
|Watch movie||Kan4 dian4 ying3||看电影|
|Have a coffee||He1 ka1fei1||喝咖啡|
|Have a meeting
(work meeting only)
|MORE TIME PHRASES||This week||Zhe4 ge4 xing1 qi1||这个星期|
|THIS WEEK MONDAY||This Monday||Zhe4 ge4 xing1 qi1 yi1||这个星期一|
|Next week||Xia4 ge4 xing1 qi1||下个星期|
|Next Monday||Xia4 ge4 xing1 qi1 yi1||下个星期一|
|Last week||Shang4 ge4 xing1 qi1||上个星期|
|Last Monday||Shang4 ge4 xing1 qi1 yi1||上个星期一|
|THIS MONTH 2ND||This month||Zhe4 ge4 yue4||这个月|
|2nd this month||Zhe4 ge4 yue4 er4 hao4||这个月二号|
|Next month||Xia4 ge4 yue4||下个月|
|Last month||Shang4 ge4 yue4||上个月|
|THIS YEAR MARCH||This year||Jin1 nian2||今年|
|This year March||Jin1 nian2 san1 yue4||今年三月|
|Next year||Ming2 nian2||明年|
|Last year||Qu4 nian2
(or shang4 nian2)
|DURATION||One day||Yi1 tian1||一天|
|One week||Yi1 ge4 xing1qi1||一个星期|
|Two months||Liang3 ge4 yue4||两个月|
|Vocab Builder||Physical Traits|
|KEY PHRASES||She is tall.
Ta gao1 gao1 de. (她高高的.)
|She is tall and skinny.
Ta1 you4 gao1 you4 shou4. 他又高又瘦.
|Tall||Gao1 gao1 de||高高的|
|Short||Ai3 ai3 de||矮矮的|
|Fat||Pang4 pang4 de||胖胖的|
|Skinny||Shou4 shou4 de||瘦瘦的|
|KEY PHRASES||Her hair is long.
Ta1 de tou2 fa3 chang2 chang2 de. (她的头发长长的.)
|She has long hair.
Ta1 you3 chang2 chang2 de tou2 fa3. (她有长长的头发.)
|She has big eyes.
Ta1 you3 da4 da4 de yan3jing1. (她有大大的眼睛)
|Her eyes are big and blue.
Ta1 de yan3jing1 you4 da4 you4 lan2. (她的眼睛又大又蓝)
|Long||Chang2 chang2 de||长长的|
|Short||Duan3 duan3 de||短短的|
|Curly||Juan4 juan4 de||卷卷的|
|Straight||Zhi2 zhi2 de||直直的|
|Blond||Jin1 se4 de||金色的|
|Black||Hei1 se4 de||黑色的|
|Big||Da4 da4 de||大大的|
|Small||Xiao3 xiao3 de||小小的|
|Blue||Lan2 se4 de||蓝色的|
|Vocab Builder||ACTION VERBS|
|KEY PHRASES||I want to go.
Wo3 xiang3 qu4. (我想去)
Bu4yao4 qu4. (不要去)
|I need to go.
Wo3 yao4 qu4. (我要去)
Mei2you3 qu4. (没有去)
|I can go.
Wo3 ke3yi3 qu4 . (我可以去)
|Have been (as in gone, Present Perfect Tense of go).
Qu4 guo4. 去过
|I can’t go.
Wo3 bu4 ke3yi3 qu4
|Haven’t been (as in gone)
Mei2 (you3) qu4 guo4.
|Read (book, newspaper)||Du2||读|
|Watch movie||Kan4 dian4 ying3||看电影|
Written by Sweta Tagliabue, Marketing Executive at China unbound
In our last article we looked at how learning the most frequently used characters and recognising the four basic character structures helps you master the writing of Chinese language.
In this article, let’s dig a bit deeper and look at 2 more power tips that will help us break down Chinese characters structures to make it easier to remember them.
Each Chinese character is made up of different strokes. We define “stroke” as one single stroke of the pen. In other words, every time you lift up your pen and start to write again, you are starting a new stroke.
Below is a list of the four basic strokes:
So where do we start when we write a Chinese character? Here are the simple principles to follow:
What makes Chinese characters difficult to memorise and write is the amount of strokes that each character is made of. But if we look closer, we will notice that every character is made of specific components (called ‘radicals’) which have some specific meanings on their own.
As a general rule, the right hand side of the character indicates the sound, whereas the left hand part of the character indicates the meaning by indicating the group of ‘things’ it belongs to.
Yes, there are exceptions but this is the best guess you can make if you have to guess the meaning and the pronunciation of a new word you don’t know.
Hope you find this useful.
Written by Sweta Tagliabue, Marketing Executive at China Unbound
Have you always thought that the written language is just impossible to master because of the complexity of Chinese characters?
We are going to demystify some myths on Chinese characters and you’ll see that learning Chinese characters is not only possible but also enjoyable. In fact, if on the one hand it’s true that about 3,000 to 4,000 characters is needed in order to understand a standard Chinese Newspaper, did you know that just 250 characters is needed to understand daily conversations?
Over the next few weeks, we will share FIVE POWER TIPS to show you how to learn Chinese characters with less effort! Here is first one…
In daily life, just knowing the top 250 characters will enable you to understand 57% to 65% of the Chinese words used.
What’s more, guess how much would you understand if you know the top 500 characters? A whooping 72 to 79%!
If you understand the top 1000 characters, you will understand 86% – 91% of the Chinese language.
So understanding (at least the majority) of the Chinese characters is achievable with a MUCH smaller set of characters we may think, all you need to do is focus on these words first, and understand the basics of Chinese characters and how they work.
Hope you find this useful. Stay tuned over the next few weeks to find out what the other POWER TIPS are!